Northern SSSI Cave Conservation Monitoring Scheme

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In this section of the site you can access information on each area of interest, including cave monitoring forms and surveys.

We recommend downloading and installing to view or edit the monitoring forms as this application is free.

Meaning of icons on these pages:-

Word Document (.doc) OpenOffice Document (.odt)

  • Casterton Fell   ( 3 Articles )

    Easegill Caverns:- County Pot & Wretched Rabbit, Gypsum Cavern and Easter Grotto, Boundary & Pool Sink & Borehole, Cornes to Stop Pot, Maracaibo inlet.

    Lancaster Hole:- Stake Pot Area, Graveyard Area, Stake Pot Series.

    Other Caves:- Aygill Caverns, Gale Garth Pot, Sylvester Pot, Kirk Pot, Pegleg Pot, Bull Pot Of The Witches.

  • Dentdale   ( 1 Article )
    Broadfield Caves, Ibbeth Peril, Upper Hackergill, Grabbers Cave - Nirvana, Short Gill Cave.
  • Fountains Fell   ( 1 Article )
    Foul Pot, Fountains Fell Master cave, Gingling Hole, Hammer Pot, Magnetometer Pot.
  • Ingleborough   ( 8 Articles )
    Allotment:- Grange Rigg, P5, Marble Pot - Allotment, Marble sink, Jockey Hole, Rift Pot, Long Kin East, Lizard Pot, Slasher Hole

    Alum Pot:- Alum Pot - Long Churn Caves, Washfold Pot, Selside Pot

    Chapel Beck:- Weathercote Cave

    Great Douk:- High Douk Holes, Great Douk, Southerscales Pot

    Meregill:- Black Shiver, Meregill Hole, Sunset Hole, Knacker Trapper

    Newby Moss:- Boggarts Roaring hole, Trapdoor Pot, Long Kin West, Pillar Holes, Newby Moss Pot, Newby Moss Cave, Grey Wife Hole

    Gaping Gill:- GG - Whitsun Series, GG - Far Country, GG - North West Extension, GG - Henslers Passage, GG - Sand Cavern and Stump Chamber, GG - East Passage and Mud Hall, Ingleborough Cave, Foxholes - Clapdale, Car Pot, Disappointment Pot

    Whitescar:- Whitescar Cave, Skirwith Cave, Quaking Pot, Tatham Wife Hole
  • Leck Fell   ( 1 Article )
    Lost John's System, Deaths Head Hole - Big Meanie - Long Drop, Gavel pot, Ireby Fell Cavern, Link Pot, Short Drop, Notts Pot, Notts Pot II, Pippikin Pot.
  • Malham   ( 1 Article )
    Pikedaw Calamine Caverns.
  • Nidderdale   ( 1 Article )
    Low Elgin's Hole, Blayshaw Gill Pots, Canal Cave, Goyden Pot, Great Expectations, Grenade Shaft, Manchester Hole,  Mongo Gill Hole,  New Goyden Pot,  Nidd Heads,  Stump Cross Cavern.
  • Northern Dales   ( 1 Article )
    Knock Fell Caverns,  Cliff Force Cave and Buttertubs,  Fairy Holes.
  • Pen y ghent   ( 1 Article )
    Giants Grave Caves,  Birkwith - Red Moss Cave,  Brackenbottom Pot,  Dale Head Pot,  Diversion Cave,  Dub Cote Cave, Psilomelane Pot,  Hull Pot,  Little Hull Pot,  Orchre Hole,  Pen y Ghent Pot.
  • Upper Wharfedale and Littondale   ( 1 Article )
    Dowkabottom Cave, Birks Fell Cave, Boreham Cave, Dow Cave - Providence Pot, Strans Gill Pot, Langcliffe Pot, Redmire Pot, Sleets Gill Cave.
  • Whernside   ( 3 Articles )

    West Kingsdale:- Yordas Cave, Swinsto Hole, Simpson Pot, Rowten Pot, Bull Pot - Kingsdale, Kingsdale Master Cave, Jingling Pot, Keld Head.

    East Kingsdale:- Crescent Pot, Growling Hole, Heron Pot, Brown Hill Pot, Broken Finger Pot, King Pot, Spectacle Vesper Pot.

    Marble Steps area:- Rift Pot, Large Pot, Low Douk Cave, Marble Steps Pot - Whernside.

Access problems and Entrance condition

Natural England and C.N.C.C. are interested to receive information about the state of the entrances of monitored caves and also about any access problems you may encounter when visiting them. To this end, it would be appreciated if you could add a note about these things to the monitoring forms when you complete them. Many thanks.

Information and Disclaimer

This is a joint initiative by Natural England (formerly English Nature), BCA, BCRA and the regional caving councils information on the conservation status of our caves. The level of recorded information is currently very low, so we have designed a simple form to record basic details on the condition of features.

This form can be filled in immediately after a visit to the cave but it is recommended that a copy be taken underground together with a copy of the section of the report and the map relevant to the cave being visited. It is always best to complete the form underground, especially if you are reporting on a number of features, so that comments do not have to rely on memory.

None of the organisations involved in this scheme are requesting that you go underground to visit these sites. The form is simply for you to record information from a trip, which you would be undertaking anyway. Caving is a dangerous activity and you are entirely responsible for your own judgements in visiting a cave or any part of it. None of the organisations involved can be held responsible for the outcome of any trip.

Natural England, BCA and BCRA are not only interested in the conservation of those features identified for monitoring, but in the conservation of the caves and mines as a whole. Monitoring every feature is impossible, so the features we have chosen to monitor are considered as both important features in their own right, and also indicators of the general condition of the caves. Wider and more general comments on features other than those identified are welcome and encouraged.


Natural England is the government’s advisor on nature conservation and is responsible for designating and monitoring the condition of Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) throughout England. Most of the major caves and cave systems of England are designated as SSSIs, either individually or grouped together as part of larger systems. The SSSI designation affords increased protection from damage or destruction of caves by external threats such as quarrying, land drainage and agricultural practices but does not affect the responsible use of caves by recreational cavers.

Raising awareness and promotion of best conservation practice among cave users, in partnership with local and national caving organisations, is the most effective method of ensuring the continuing conservation of our cave SSSIs and the protection of the resource against internal damage. Good conservation practice by cave users, in so far as it preserves the resource, serves the interests of all - recreational cavers, cave scientists, conservation organisations and the general public alike.

Regular monitoring of all SSSIs is an important part of the conservation process and is generally performed by Natural England staff. However, in the case of caves, Natural England staff are not normally able to perform monitoring as they are not experienced or qualified in undertaking underground work. One solution is for cavers to report on the condition of caves which they are visiting in the course of their recreational activities. Reporting simply involves filling in a brief tick-box type of questionnaire, supplied by Natural England. We will also supply a rough map of the areas of cave which form the SSSI and the location of important features, such as speleothems, cave sediments, fossils and minerals for which the site may be notified.

It is important to emphasise that Natural England is not requesting cavers to visit particular areas of cave systems. We are simply requesting information on the condition of caves and their features which cavers are visiting anyway, in the course of their own recreational activities. Natural England cannot accept responsibility for any accident or injury to cavers which occur during the course of these activities. Cavers should perform their own risk and hazard assessment and possess their own insurance.